Prostate Enlargement The True Cause

author avatar Dr. Eric Berg 03/18/2024

Understanding the causes of enlarged prostates is essential for males as they age. Often, it's mistakenly believed that a large prostate gland is simply an inevitable part of aging or even a precursor to prostate cancer.

Contrary to popular belief, enlarged prostate glands are not an unavoidable consequence of aging or a sign of impending cancer.

Explore the misconceptions about benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and uncover its underlying causes. Hormonal discrepancies can be a significant factor in BPH, particularly estrogen and testosterone levels in men.

The Misconception About Prostate Enlargement

One common misconception about prostate enlargement is that it's caused by excess Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), but that's not necessarily true.

As men age, their DHT levels decrease, so blaming it for an enlarged prostate is like blaming the tooth fairy for cavities. Instead of pointing fingers at DHT, we should consider other factors like hormonal imbalances, specifically estrogen and testosterone levels in males.

Understanding Estrogen's Role In Men

Estrogen isn't just for the ladies. Men produce it, too, but in smaller amounts. When estrogen gets out of control, problems like an enlarged prostate can develop.

How Low Testosterone Contributes To Prostate Enlargement

As men age, testosterone production naturally declines. Unfortunately, low testosterone levels can create an imbalance with estrogen, creating the perfect conditions for an enlarged prostate.

The Real Cause Behind Prostate Enlargement

Forget what you've heard about DHT - it's not the cause of an enlarged prostate. Instead, hormonal imbalance is the most common cause, with high estrogen and low testosterone levels wreaking havoc on your prostate.

Chemical formula of estrogen

Understanding Estrogen's Role

Contrary to common belief, estrogen plays a significant role in male physiology beyond its traditional association with female reproductive health. While estrogen levels decline in women after menopause, men continue to produce it steadily throughout their lives.

Prolonged exposure to elevated estrogen levels in men may have implications for prostate health, contributing to conditions such as prostate enlargement.

Low Testosterone

In addition to estrogen, testosterone levels also undergo changes as men age.

Aging is often accompanied by a decline in testosterone production, exacerbating the hormonal imbalances caused by sustained estrogen levels. This imbalance can create a conducive environment for the development of prostate enlargement, or benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Lifestyle Factors That Cause Hormone Imbalance

Alcohol consumption has been identified as a potential factor in disrupting hormone equilibrium.

Research published in the journal Alcohol and Alcoholism supports this notion, suggesting that excessive alcohol intake can disturb hormonal levels, potentially leading to prostate issues.

Considering the findings, moderating alcohol consumption may be advisable to mitigate the risk of hormonal imbalances and associated health concerns.

Signs of High Estrogen in Men

High estrogen levels in men can lead to various physical manifestations, often overlooked or misunderstood. Recognizing these signs early on is crucial for timely intervention and hormone balance restoration.

Recognizing Physical Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance

The symptoms of high estrogen in men aren't always obvious, but they can cover a range of concerns.

Some symptoms include: developing man boobs (gynecomastia), losing hair on your calves, having a high voice, and having a large prostate. These signs could be red flags for hormonal imbalances that need attention.

Gynecomastia, or the swelling of breast tissue in men, is a common symptom of high estrogen levels.

While some hormone fluctuations are typical with age, these changes deserve a visit to your healthcare provider for further evaluation.

Importance of Early Detection

Catching these symptoms early can significantly affect treatment options and outcomes. Regular check-ups and monitoring yourself can help spot any weird changes immediately. Remember, admitting there might be a problem is the first step toward finding a solution.

If you're experiencing any symptoms associated with high estrogen levels, don't hesitate to seek medical advice. Identifying potential hormonal imbalances immediately is critical to restoring your body's equilibrium.

In addition to seeking professional medical guidance, making lifestyle adjustments like eating healthier or getting off the couch and moving your body could also help maintain optimal hormone balance.

Remember, managing your overall health is vital in effectively managing hormones.

Lifestyle Factors That Mess with Your Hormones

Did you know that your lifestyle choices can throw off your hormone game? Take alcohol, for example.

Different alcoholic drinks

Alcohol: The Hormone Hijacker

Excessive alcohol consumption can disrupt hormone levels, particularly in males, as it overwhelms the liver's ability to metabolize hormones like estrogen.

This imbalance often results in elevated estrogen levels and decreased testosterone levels, as evidenced by research published on PubMed Central.

Moreover, heavy drinking has been associated with prostate enlargement, attributed in part to weight gain and obesity commonly linked with alcohol intake.

To mitigate these effects, moderation in alcohol consumption is advisable, alongside dietary choices rich in phytoestrogens and regular exercise to maintain hormonal balance and overall health.

Natural Remedies For Balancing Hormones & Reducing Prostate Size

Achieving hormonal balance and reducing prostate size naturally involves lifestyle adjustments and incorporating certain natural supplements into your routine.

Nettle Root & Saw Palmetto: Hormone Regulation

Studies show that nettle root and saw palmetto are beneficial for hormonal balance, inhibiting the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT), a hormone associated with prostate enlargement.

Saw palmetto has historically been used to alleviate urinary symptoms related to an enlarged prostate (BPH), while nettle root exhibits anti-inflammatory properties and aids in improving urine flow among men with BPH.

Cruciferous Vegetables: Testosterone's Support

Incorporating cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower, broccoli, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts into your diet can naturally boost testosterone levels. These vegetables contain indoles, which help detoxify excess estrogen, thus promoting hormonal balance.

  • Broccoli: fights cancer cells and is especially good for breast and prostate cancer.

  • Cauliflower: Packed with vitamins and phytonutrients that help your liver detox.

  • Cabbage: Low-calorie and high in fiber, vitamins, and potassium. Plus, it may have anti-cancer effects.

  • Brussels Sprouts: Boosts your immune system and protects your cells from stress.

Remember, consistency is critical. Adhere to these modifications regularly, and you'll be headed toward ideal wellness. Advise consulting a medical expert before making any significant alterations.

Healthy Keto Diet and Intermittent Fasting: A Winning Combo

If you want to balance your hormones and shrink your prostate naturally, try the dynamic duo of a healthy keto diet and intermittent fasting. This combination works effectively for weight loss and overall health, including keeping your sex hormones balanced.

The Benefits of Keto Diet and Intermittent Fasting

Combining a healthy ketogenic (keto) diet with intermittent fasting offers a holistic approach to hormonal balance and prostate health, along with various other health benefits.

The ketogenic diet involves reducing carbohydrate intake and increasing fat consumption, inducing a metabolic state called ketosis, associated with improved cardiovascular health, cognitive function, and longevity.

Intermittent fasting complements the keto diet by promoting fat-burning and hormone regulation, particularly insulin, which influences testosterone levels. Emphasizing nutrient-dense foods such as lean meats, fatty fish, leafy greens, and cruciferous vegetables in a well-structured keto meal plan supports hormonal balance by reducing estrogen levels over time.

Emphasizing nutrient-dense foods such as lean meats, fatty fish, leafy greens, and cruciferous vegetables in a well-structured keto meal plan supports hormonal balance by reducing estrogen levels over time.

But remember, always consult your healthcare provider before making any significant changes, especially if you have other medical conditions besides BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia).


Understanding the balance between estrogen and testosterone is crucial for prostate health in men. While Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is often blamed for prostate enlargement, hormonal imbalances play a more significant role.

Lifestyle factors like excessive alcohol consumption can disrupt hormone levels, emphasizing the importance of moderation and healthy eating.

Natural remedies, such as specific foods and supplements, may help, but consulting a doctor is advisable, especially for those with existing prostate issues like BPH.

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